obstacles to patient care in the United States

v Discussion 1 Discuss the obstacles to patient care in the United States and ONE strategy to overcome an obstacle. Discussion 2 Define disease screening. What is the purpose of screening? Why is it important? Discuss one screening procedure (name the disease being screened for, as well as, what are the successes and the limitations/weaknesses of this procedure? Discussion 3 A woman was referred to a surgeon’s office for evaluation of a breast lump and a suspicious mammogram. (a) How should the surgeon approach this problem? (b) How successful has mammography been in reducing breast cancer mortality rate in the United States? (c) What is the difference between benign and malignant neoplasms? Give examples of each Discussion 4 What are congenital heart diseases? Choose ONE and discuss the structural defect, signs, and symptoms. Discussion 5 A patient presents to a physician’s office with tendency to bleed. During history-taking, the physician elicited a family history of anemia. He ordered laboratory tests to determine the cause of the bleeding disorder. What is the nature of the lab tests, that is, what do the tests measure and how do they help the doctor make a diagnosis? Discussion 6 Do restrictive lung diseases or obstructive lung diseases cause greater disability? Choose one and explain why you think so. Describe what could be done via screening and/or treatment to decrease disability. Discussion 7 Review Table 14-1 on page 196 of the textbook. Choose a manifestation or common cause that you think could have the greatest impact on an individual’s quality of life and explain why. Discussion 8 The CDC is leveraging research funding for the detection of the female genital tract malignancies shown in Table 17-3 on page 271 of the textbook. Choose which malignancy should receive top funding priority and explain why. Discussion 9 Describe a method of prevention for hypertensive retinopathy or diabetic retinopathy. Label this prevention method as primordial, primary, secondary, or tertiary prevention and describe why. Discussion 10 Read the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement for breast cancer screening at the link above. Decide if you agree or disagree with this recommendation and explain why. Discussion 11 Arthritis is diagnosed three times more in women than in men. A 2012 report identified at least three genes found on the X chromosome that are linked to arthritis. Discuss this gender paradox and why women are more likely to get arthritis Discussion 12 Mental illness is often stigmatized rather than simply recognized as a medical condition. While there is a spectrum of patient symptoms that leads to misunderstanding of mental illness as disease, physical and physiological changes are well known for most causes of mental illness. Discuss one (education) strategy by which mental illness can be better understood by the general population to remove its stigma and to promote better understanding of the disease and the people with mental illness Discussion 13 Vaccination is the most cost effective method of reducing the impact of infectious disease. Yet there is still a significant group of people who don’t vaccinate themselves and their children. Discuss a strategy to help people understand how vaccines prevent infectious diseases and keep other treatment costs down. Discussion 14 Being prepared for emergencies is a solid way to limit their severity. How are you prepared for emergencies in your home, dorm, or car? Discussion 15 Calorie restriction is one way to control obesity, exercise is another. Discuss a fun, life skills method to assist elementary school-age children to maintain healthy weight and activity levels. Discussion 16 How does water, earth, atmosphere and plants and animals affect us in our everyday life? Discussion 17 Review the timeline of the Tuskegee Syphilis Study on the CDC website. This incident is also covered in your text. ¢ In the context of this study, we see that patients’ right to informed consent is critical. How can we make sure patients understand risks and benefits? In your opinion, is it ever permissible to override a patient’s wishes to save his or her life? Explain and support your answer. Discussion18 If the Earth were not inclined (tilted at 23.5 degrees) on its axis, would there still be latitudinal temperature variations? Would there be seasons? Discussion19 We are learning about Earth-Sun relations and with that we are learning about the summer solstice. There are a lot of activities to celebrate the œmidnight sun. Look through this week’s notes to understand about the midnight sun, then I want you to you research the midnight sun. Your post for this week should be about an activity, festival, performance, or a gathering that takes place at a town where the people celebrate just not the summer solstice, but the midnight sun.