13. Swap Agreement. Grant, Inc., is a well-known
U.S. ﬁrm that needs to borrow 10 million British pounds to support a new business in the United Kingdom. However, it cannot obtain ﬁnanc-
ing from British banks because it is not yet estab- lished within the United Kingdom. It decides to issue dollar-denominated debt (at par value) in the United States, for which it will pay an annual cou- pon rate of 10 percent. It then will convert the dollar proceeds from the debt issue into British pounds at the prevailing spot rate (the prevailing spot rate is one pound = $1.70). Over each of the next 3 years, it plans to use the revenue in pounds from the new business in the United Kingdom to make its annual debt payment. Grant, Inc., engages in a currency swap in which it will convert pounds to dollars at an exchange rate of $1.70 per pound at the end of each of the next 3 years. How many dollars must be borrowed initially to support the new business in the United Kingdom? How many pounds should Grant, Inc., specify in the swap agreement that it will swap over each of the next 3 years in exchange for dollars so that it can make its annual coupon payments to the U.S. creditors?